In 2016, from the 17 million scientists and engineers in the EU, 60% were men and 40% women. Men were particularly overrepresented in manufacturing (83% of scientists and engineers in manufacturing were male), while the services sector was more balanced (55% male and 45% female).
However, in three EU Member States, the majority of scientists and engineers were women: Lithuania (58% female), Bulgaria (54%) and Latvia (52%).
Less than one third of scientists and engineers were women in Luxembourg (25%), Finland (28%), Hungary (31%), Austria (32%) and Germany (33%).
The source dataset is available here
This news item marks the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, celebrated on 11 February.
You can find more information on human resources in science and technology in the Statistics Explained article on Human resources in science and technology.